Fundy Region 


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Upper Bay of Fundy

A unique biological power station, home to the world’s highest daily tides and a critical stop over for migratory shorebirds.

Some of the most biologically productive wetland habitat in the world occur in the upper reaches of eastern Canada’s Bay of Fundy. Rich soils, lush salt marshes, and huge expanses of tidally exposed mud flats combine to make the upper reaches of the Bay of Fundy an extraordinary biological power plant. The mixture of sunlight, tidal action, heat, fertile soils, and decomposing matter produces a flush of energy that helps propel a cascade of inter-linked biological activity that ripples throughout the Bay of Fundy and beyond.

This unique region, because it is rich in resources, is a critical gathering (staging) area for migratory shorebirds and the focus of international conservation efforts. The global importance of the upper Bay of Fundy is underscored by the variety of conservation designations it currently enjoys. It listed as a wetland of global importance (Ramsar site designation), formally proclaimed as a site of international importance for shorebirds (Western Hemispheric Shorebird Reserve Network), and noted as area of global importance for sustaining birds (Bird Life International. See also this map).

          Photo: Donald Sam                                                            

Bay of Fundy Mainpage

Mud flats

Corophium volutator

Tidal erosion helps to maintain the area's mud flats.

Photo: Donald Sam

Text prepared by Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources (NSDNR)
Graphics provided by NSDNR unless otherwise indicated
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Page last updated 11 January, 2006 11:52 PM